Gotong Royong in Organization


Nicholas Simarmata,Psychology Study Program, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia and Psychology Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti,Psychology Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Bagus Riyono,Psychology Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Bhina Patria,Psychology Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Gotong royong is an original term from Indonesia which means cooperation among society members. Gotong royong is the culture value of the Nusantara (before the establishment of the Indonesian country) since the Neolithic era from 6000 BC, the core of Pancasila (the ideology of the Indonesian country), and plays a role in the government, public and private sectors. There have been many studies of gotong royong in the government and society sectors. But it is still rarely done in the private sector, especially in organizations. This study is a literature study by using various references from books and journals, both printed and online. The theory that is used to study gotong royong in this study is the Social Psychology theories. Those are need-to-belong theory, interdependence theory, communal theory, cooperation theory, and collectivism theory. The results of this study are expected to be the basis for further empirical studies so that later it can obtain a gotong royong picture in organizations both theoretically and empirically..



Gotong royong, Culture value, Organization, Interdependence theory, Communal sharing


[1]     Dewantara A., “gotong-royong” as Indonesian Philosphy in Max Scheler Perspectives, (2019)
[2]     Slikkerveer L. J., “Gotong royong: An indigenous institution of communality and mutual assistance in Indonesia,” In Integrated Community-Managed Development, pp.307-320, Springer, Cham, (2019)
[3]     Iqbal M. N. M. “Advancing social capital through participatory approaches,” EMARA Indonesian Journal of Architecture, vol.4, no.1, pp.1-12, (2018)
[4]     Sholihah A. B. and Athas S. I. A., “Analysis of social sustainability models: toward more sustainable indonesian cities,” Advanced Science Letters, vol.24, no 12, pp.9219-9222, (2018)
[5]     Naim M. and Hindmarsh R., “Traditional-contemporary’ community engagement approaches for effective local climate change adaptation in Indonesia, Jurnal Ecolab, vol.13, no.1, pp.39-59, (2019)
[6]     Hermawan M. S. and Loo M. K., “The construction of kekeluargaan as an Indonesia’s organizational culture,” Jurnal Humaniora, vol.31, no.1, pp.1-13, (2019)
[7]     Abdullah I., “Communalism shattered: Thirty years of conflict experiences in the province of Aceh,” Indonesia. Anthropological Notebooks, vol.24, no.1, (2018)
[8]     Triandis H. C., “Individualism and collectivism,” Routledge, (2018)
[9]     Sullivan G. B., “Rethinking resilience, culture and disasters: implications and applications In Indonesia,” Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia: Environmental, Social and Cultural Aspects, pp.186, (2018)
[10]  Sembiring S. A. B., “Agricultural practice and social change in Berastagi area,” In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol.126, no.1, pp.012096, IOP Publishing, (2018)
[11]  Wahyuni S., Junaidi J., and Mustangin M., “Integration of gotong royong indonesian culture in assessing students' social attitudes,” In 2nd Workshop on Language, Literature and Society for Education, European Alliance for Innovation (EAI), (2018)
[12]  Gading I. K., Widiana I. W., Jampel I. N., and Parmiti D. P., “Effectiveness of self-modification program in smoking reduction,” The Social Sciences, vol.13, no.1, pp.63-69, (2018)
[13]  Zulfadrim Z., Toyoda Y., and Kanegae H., “The implementation of local wisdom in reducing natural disaster risk: a case study from West Sumatera,” In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science vol.106, no.1, pp.012008, IOP Publishing, (2018)
[14]  Pheeney C. E., “Pancasila culture and social justice,” In Research for Social Justice: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Research for Social Justice (ISRISJ 2018), October 30, 2018, Bandung, Indonesia pp.157, Routledge, (2019)
[15]  Mustam B. and Daniel E. S., “Informal and formal environmental education infusion: actions of malaysian teachers and parents among students in a Polluted Area,” MOJES: Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, vol.4, no.1, pp.9-20, (2018)
[16]  Saltman K. J., “The politics of education: A critical introduction. Routledge,” (2018)
[17]  Robinson G., “The dark side of paradise: Political violence in Bali.,” Cornell University Press, (2018)
[18]  Kawangung Y., “Religious moderation discourse in plurality of social harmony in Indonesia,” International journal of social sciences and humanities, vol.3, no.1, pp.160-170, (2019)
[19]  Baxter D. E. and Pelletier L. G., “Is nature relatedness a basic human psychological need? A critical examination of the extant literature,” Canadian Psychology/psychologie canadienne, vol.60, no.1, pp.21, (2019)
[20]  Peters B. J., Reis H. T., and Gable, S. L., “Making the good even better: A review and theoretical model of interpersonal capitalization,” Social and Personality Psychology Compass, vol.12, no.7, e12407, (2018)
[21]  Lasch C., “The culture of narcissism: American life in an age of diminishing expectations,” WW Norton & Company, (2018)
[22]  George V. “Social security and society,” Routledge, (2018)
[23]  Bang H., Bravo G. A., Mello Figuerôa K., and Mezzadri F. M., “The impact of volunteer experience at sport mega‐events on intention to continue volunteering: Multigroup path analysis,” Journal of community psychology, vol.47, no.4, pp.727-742, (2019)
[24]  Hatch M. J., “Organization theory: Modern, symbolic, and postmodern perspectives,” Oxford university press, (2018)
[25]  Galata A. A., Anogiannakis S. D., and Theodorou D. N., “Thermodynamic analysis of Lennard-Jones binary mixtures using Kirkwood-Buff theory,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol.470, pp.25-37, (2018)
[26]  Mark N. P., “Status organizes cooperation: an evolutionary theory of status and social order,” American Journal of Sociology, vol.123, no.6, pp.1601-1634, (2018)


  • APA:
    Simarmata,N.& Yuniarti,K.W.& Riyono,B.& Patria,B.(2020). Gotong Royong in Organization. International Journal of Social Welfare Promotion and Management, 7(2), 1-8. 10.21742/IJSWPM.2020.7.2.01
  • Harvard:
    Simarmata,N., Yuniarti,K.W., Riyono,B., Patria,B.(2020). "Gotong Royong in Organization". International Journal of Social Welfare Promotion and Management, 7(2), pp.1-8. doi:10.21742/IJSWPM.2020.7.2.01
  • IEEE:
    [1] N.Simarmata, K.W.Yuniarti, B.Riyono, B.Patria, "Gotong Royong in Organization". International Journal of Social Welfare Promotion and Management, vol.7, no.2, pp.1-8, Jul. 2020
  • MLA:
    Simarmata Nicholas, Yuniarti Kwartarini Wahyu, Riyono Bagus and Patria Bhina. "Gotong Royong in Organization". International Journal of Social Welfare Promotion and Management, vol.7, no.2, Jul. 2020, pp.1-8, doi:10.21742/IJSWPM.2020.7.2.01


  • Volume 7, No. 2, 2020
  • ISSN(p):2205-8435
  • ISSN(e):2207-5321
  • Published:Jul. 2020