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International Journal of Smart Business and Technology

Volume 3, No. 1, 2015, pp 15-22


Lossless Image Compression using Differential Pulse Code Modulation and Its purpose

    Chen Yu1, Rime Raj Singh Tomar2 and Kapil Jain3
    1Department of Information Engineering,Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning, China
    2,3ITM UNIVERSE, Gwalior


    Images include information about human body which is used for different purposes such as medical, security and other plans. Compression of images is used in some applications such as profiling data and transmission systems. Regard to importance of images information, lossless or lossy compression is preferred. Lossless compressions are JPEG, JPEG-LS and JPEG 2000 is few well-known methods for lossless compression. We will use differential pulse code modulation for image compression with Huffman encoder, which is one of the latest and provides good compression ratio, peak signal noise ratio and minimum mean square error. In real time application which needs hardware implementation, low complex algorithm accelerates compression process. In this dissertation, we use differential pulse code modulation for image compression lossless and near-lossless compression method is introduced which is efficient due to its high compression ratio and simplicity. This method is consists of a new transformation method called Enhanced DPCM Transformation (EDT) which has a good energy compaction and a suitable Huffman encoding. After introduce this compression method, it is apply on different images from Corel dataset for experimental results and analysis. As well we compare it with other existing methods with respect to parameter compression ratio, peak signal noise ratio and mean square error.


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